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Brain Injury. Buchanan & Buchanan.

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Brain Injury


The human brain can suffer irreparable damage if struck, jolted, or shaken, or if penetrated by a foreign object.  Brain injury can also occur from a lack of sufficient oxygen or blood flow to the brain – often a problem in medical errors (e.g., failure to properly monitor vital signs during a surgery, or giving excess pain medication slowing or stopping breathing), or from medical errors made at a hospital during a child’s delivery and birth.  Severity of a traumatic brain injury (TBI) ranges from “mild” to “severe” injuries.

What does the future hold after a brain injury? Will your loved one ever function normally again or live independently? If not, how will family pay for round-the-clock medical care needed for a safe, healthy, and quality life? Who will watch after and take care of the person when you no longer can? These are just some questions our clients with brain-injured family have asked us. And for each, we have successfully helped.


The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that 30 percent of injury deaths in the United States are caused by traumatic brain injury (TBI).  Survivors of brain injury face significant impairments of cognition, motor skills, vision, or hearing, or can have headaches, psychological issues, or other problems.

Leading causes for TBI injuries and deaths are:

  • Surgical operation (e.g., inadequate oxygen, low blood pressure, excessive anesthesia)
  • Bad birthing experience
  • Vehicle accidents (e.g., car, motorcycle, bike, airplane)
  • Blow to the head
  • Fall injury

A person who suffers a head injury with brain damage may lose some, or even all, mental functions. The brain controls not only a person’s ability to think and reason, but also control of body functions. Losing even some capability can be significant or devastating for the sufferer or family.


How do you know if a person suffered brain injury? Certain symptoms should prompt a medical evaluation for brain damage, and even contacting an experienced attorney for resources and help. Symptoms of brain injury include:

  • Dizziness or lack of balance
  • Diminished hearing, taste, eye sight, or ringing in the ears
  • Inability to find words to convey thoughts
  • Slurred speech
  • Paralysis of any body part
  • Inability to plan body movements for simple tasks, such as gathering stamps or addressing labels to pay bills
  • Inability to focus thoughts, or focusing too much on one or two ideas
  • Lack of hand or eye coordination
  • Inability to understand written or spoken words
  • Persistent sleepiness or wakefulness
  • Unexplained weakness
  • Chronic head or neck pain
  • Mood changes, like uncalled-for anger or sadness
  • Nausea

Who Could Be Liable for Causing a Brain Injury?

Because a brain injury can occur in many situations, identifying responsible parties will depend on what happen. Here are a few examples of brain damage caused by carelessness or misconduct of another (negligence):

  • Anesthesiologist who gave too much medication during surgery, or did not properly monitor a patient under anesthesia;
  • Negligent driver, vehicle owner, or employer of the driver causing a traffic crash;
  • Municipality with a public swimming pool where its lifeguard did not promptly rescue a submerged child;
  • Obstetrician who delayed a cesarean-section delivery.


Claims involving brain injuries or severe head injuries require the utmost in attorney skill and experience. At Buchanan & Buchanan, we have a well-earned reputation for successfully handling serious and demanding personal injury cases, including brain injury cases. We teach this law to future attorneys in law school. But that’s just half of the equation.

Brain injury cases require medical expertise, too. They demand the guidance, from beginning to end, of skilled and experienced medical personnel. One secret to our success is a full-time, master-degreed nurse (Helen J. Hicks MSN, a former client with over 25 years of clinical nursing) on our professional staff.  If you call our office, Helen is here and ready to talk with you about the claim, and the evaluation is free!

If we take your brain injury claim, Helen will continue to oversee the medicine in your loved one’s case through settlement or trial.


Buchanan & Buchanan, P.L.C.
171 Monroe Ave. N.W. Suite 750
Grand Rapids, MI 49503
voice: (616) 458.2464
toll free: 1-800-272-4080
fax: (616) 458.0608
email: mail@buchananfirm.com